(updated October 12, 2001)

The Station is located at 90 degrees south latitude and the sun rises in September and sets in March resulting in six months of 24 hour-a-day sunlight and 6 months of 24 hour-a-day darkness (with several weeks of twilight on either end). The temperature drops lower than -100 degrees in the June-August time frame and the station is located at almost 10,000ft altitude on a two-mile-thick ice pack. map of antarctica

           The South Pole Web Site     (only available when one of the satellites is up, about 9-12 hours per day)
           Virtual Tour of the South Pole by CARA
           Other Interesting Links

At the South Pole I am responsible for many science projects including the following items (see the August page for more info & photos) :

-- UV Spectroradiometer -  measurement of UV radiation and the ozone hole and maintenance of the instrument
         BSI Web Site

-- US Geological Survey Seismometer Suite  -  instrument maintenance, data interpretation and daily reports of earthquakes around the world to the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC), Golden Colorado. Andrea Grant (Aurora Science) is currently responsible for this project.
         National Earthquake Information Center
         USGS Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory

-- US Geological Survey Global Positioning Satellite Reference Station - continuously operating GPS reference station located atop the skylab building
           US Antarctic Resource Center
           GPS Tutorial

-- VLF and ELF Radiation Measurements - detection of naturally occurring Very Low Frequency, VLF, (0.1 to 100 kHz) radio waves that propagate along the earth's magnetic field lines and bouncing between hemispheres through the earth's radiation belts. Analysis of the propagation of VLF waves helps us to understand the nature of the ionosphere and of wave particle interactions in the upper atmosphere. Some of the phenomena that are detected are auroral hiss, chorus and whistlers (lightning) around the world.
         Stanford University VLF Group
         Stanford University South Pole ELF/VLF  

-- LF, MF, HF Radiation Measurements - detection of naturally occurring Low Frequency, Medium Frequency, and High Frequency radio waves. The objective of this program is to correlate these measurements with auroral and geomagnetic activity to better understand the nature of the earth's ionosphere and interactions with the sun.
         Dartmouth University LF/MF/HF Investigations

-- Riometers (Relative Ionospheric Opacity Meters) - monitoring of the magnitude of incoming cosmic radio noise, broad band radio frequency (RF) energy emitted by stellar sources. We are looking at the absorption of this energy by the earth's ionosphere in order to better understand the interaction of the solar winds with the earth's upper atmosphere. Colorful Auroras are one result of this interaction.
         University of Maryland Riometers

-- Fluxgate Magnetometers - measurement of low frequency, large fluctuations in the earth's magnetic field resulting primarily from perturbations in the magnetic field of the sun. Studying these geomagnetic pulsations and relating these events with other events such as auroral activity and phenomena in other locations of the earth help us characterize the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere and their interaction with the sun.
           Bell Labs/Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill , NJ  Fluxgate Magnetometer

-- Micropulsation Magnetometer - measurement of the rapid fluctuations of the earth's magnetic field. The objectives are similar to the Bell Lab's Fluxgate Magnetometer, but with emphasis on the high frequency fluctuations.
         University of New Hampshire Micropulsation Magnetometer

-- Cosmic Ray Detectors - measurement of solar emissions by counting neutrons created by interaction of low energy protons with the earth's atmosphere. The objective is to better understand solar events and their interaction with the earth's upper atmosphere.
         University of Delaware, Bartol Research Institute Program

-- Atmospheric Nitric Oxide Detector - the detection of nitric oxide (NO) , its diurnal variations and relation to UV radiation intensity
           Georgia Tech Program

-- More information:
         Antarctic Programs and Logistics

         Upper Atmospheric Physics / Solar Terrestrial Physics
         Antarctic Upper Atmospheric Science Programs
           Solar Terrestrial Physics
         Geophysical Data Base

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